What is that?!

By, Kelly Behr

Native Foods Cafe

As I was perusing through my instagram feed I noticed something great VegansofIG was doing. They posted a three part series identifying animal products that could be hiding in food or products that you might not know about. These by-products use names that are not always familiar. I thought it was such a great series that I wanted to share it. 


Part 1


Native Foods Café, a vegan restaurant uses this image courtesy of http://instagram.com/VegansofIG


1⃣  Albumen {Albumin} In eggs, milk, muscles, blood, and many vegetable tissues and fluids. In cosmetics, albumen is usually derived from egg whites and used as a coagulating agent. In cakes, cookies, candies, etc. Egg whites sometimes used in "clearing" wines.


2⃣  Carmine. Cochineal. Carminic Acid. Red pigment from the crushed female cochineal insect. Reportedly, 70,000 beetles must be killed to produce one pound of this red dye. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, red apple sauce, and other foods (including red lollipops and food coloring).


3⃣  Casein. Caseinate. Sodium Caseinate. Milk protein. In "nondairy" creamers, soy cheese, many cosmetics, hair preparations, beauty masks. May soy cheeses are not vegan because they contain casein. It's what gives soy cheese its (slightly) cheese-like flavor and texture.


4⃣  Gelatin. Protein obtained by boiling skin, tendons, ligaments, and/or bones in water. From cows, pigs, and more recently, horse hooves and fish by-products. Used in shampoos, face masks, and other cosmetics. Used as a thickener for fruit gelatins and puddings (e.g., Jell-O). In candies, marshmallows, cakes, ice cream, yogurts. On photographic film and in vitamins as a coating and as capsules. Sometimes used to assist in "clearing" wines.


5⃣  Isinglass. A form of gelatin prepared from the internal membranes of fish bladders. Sometimes used in "clearing" wines and in foods.


Part 2



Native Foods Café, a vegan restaurant uses this image courtesy of http://instagram.com/VegansofIG


1⃣  Keratin. Natural Keratin is an extremely strong protein that is a major component in skin, hair, nails, feathers, hooves, horns, and teeth. Used in hair rinses, shampoos, and permanent wave solutions. Keratin is not naturally found in vegetables. Vegan keratin products might contain the amino acids necessary to produce keratin naturally.


2⃣  L-cysteine/L-cystine (E920) Animal: (Poultry. Typically duck feathers) Hog’s hair as a source is likely when the hair/feather supply is low. Used as a dough conditioner in most bread products. It is most common in pizza dough and bagels. Einstein Bros, Dunkin Donuts, Pizza Hut, and McDonalds have all confirmed the use of poultry feather-based L. Cysteine in many of their other products.


3⃣  Lanolin. (Wool Fat. Wool Wax) A product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. Most chewing gums list "gum base" as one of their ingredients, masking lanolin as an ingredient. The starting material used to produce this vitamin D3 is Lanolin.


4⃣  Pepsin. In cow and hogs' stomachs. A clotting agent used in some cheeses and vitamins. Pepsin is a component of rennet (see below) used to curdle milk during the manufacture of cheese.


5⃣  Rennet [Rennin] Enzyme from the stomach of slaughtered newly-born calves. Used in cheesemaking, rennet custard (junket), and in many coagulated dairy products. The coagulation of milk is achieved by the addition of rennet. Most cheeses (especially Parmesan, Grana Padano, and Gorgonzola are NOT vegetarian.


 Part 3



Native Foods Café, a vegan restaurant uses this image courtesy of http://instagram.com/VegansofIG


1⃣  Royal Jelly is a honey bee secretion that is used in the nutrition of larvae and adult queens. It is collected from each individual queen cell (honeycomb) when the queen larvae are about four days old. Royal Jelly makes workers into queens. It is used as as a source of B vitamins, minerals, and amino acids.Most honey comes from full-time factory bee farmers.


2⃣  Shellac (E904) Shellac is a coating or glaze derived from the hardened, resinous material secreted by the female Kerria Lacca Insect. Shellac is scraped from the bark of the trees where they live. Often they are heated until they die of heat exhaustion. 300,000 lac insects are killed for every kilogram (2.2 lbs.) Shellac may be found in a furniture polish and varnish, aluminum foil coating, paper coating, hairspray, shampoos, perfume, makeup, printing inks and paints, and much more. Shellac is often called "Confectioner’s glaze” in candy and donut glaze.


3⃣  Tallow. Rendered beef or mutton fat. Industrial use of tallow can be just about any type of animal fat (e.g. cow, pig, deer). Tallow is in a variety of products from wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Tallow is sometimes known as "Stearic Acid.” **Some Tallow is vegetable sourced.**


4⃣  Whey. The watery serum that remains after most of the protein and fat have been removed from milk during the cheese-making process. Usually in cakes, cookies, candies, breads, and supplements.


The complete series can be found on both their Facebook page: Vegans of Instagram and their Instagram account: @VegansofIG, give them a follow!


A big thank you to Vegans of Instagram for this incredibly educational series. 



3 thoughts on “What is that?!

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